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“The OT Promise Of Christ (7)”

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An Eternal King Descended From David

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One aspect of the many promises of the Messiah that is found in the Old Testament is the lineage through which the Messiah would come.  For this morning’s devotion let’s look at the promise of the Messiah, the eternal King of Israel coming through the line of David.

THE SCRIPTURES:

Jer 23:5-6
5) Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
6) In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

Ps 89:35-37
35) Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David.
36) His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.
37) It shall be established for ever as the moon, and [as] a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.

Matt 1:1
1) The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Matt 1:6
6) And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her [that had been the wife] of Urias;

Matt 22:41-46
41) While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,
42) Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, [The Son] of David.
43) He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,
44) The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?
45) If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?
46) And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any [man] from that day forth ask him any more [questions].

Luke 1:30-32
30) And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.
31) And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.
32) He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:

Rev 22:16
16) I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.

THE STUDY:

In previous devotionals, we saw the Messiah being prophesied to be the Sceptre, this is another way of saying that He would be a King who would reign. In that posting we saw that this promise was fulfilled by Christ in three ways:
1.  He reigns over His nation of spiritual Israel (all who are saved) NOW, He reigns in their hearts and they recognize Him as their King and willingly submit to Him. In this sense, He is King over Israel.
2. He reigns over all creation NOW as Sovereign Lord who is in absolute control of all the creatures and events in His creation.
3.  He WILL reign throughout eternity over all His people (OT and NT Believers ie spiritual Israel) in the New Heavens and New Earth.  During this eternal reign He will be PERFECTLY obeyed and His will PERFECTLY done by all. In this sense He will be the Eternal King over Israel.

IN another posting, we saw that the Messiah was promised to come to the earth through the line that included Jesse, the father of 8 sons (one of which was David).  Not only was the Messiah said to come from the line of Jesse, but He was said to descend from the line of Jesse’s son, David, King of Israel.  It would be through the Messiah that the throne of David would be established forever.   This was a direct result of a promise that God had given to David insuring the eternal nature of the reign of David over Israel.

THE PROPHECY:

Jer 23:5-6
In this promise of the coming Messiah, we can see that it would be through David that the Messiah would come.  But this promise also plainly declares that He would reign perfectly over Israel working worldwide justice and judgment… “I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth…. he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.”  Please notice that, just as in the Jesse prophecies, we see that the Messiah is pictured as a Branch coming forth from David, emphasizing His descendancy from David and a part of the Kingly line of Israel.

Ps 89:35-37
In Psa 89:35-37, we read that the Lord made a promise to David that His family line and His kingdom would never come to an end. “Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David. His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.  It shall be established for ever as the moon, and [as] a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.

Notice the Lord uses His holiness and truthfulness as a guarantee of the fulfillment of this prophecy.  In other words, the fulfillment of this Messianic prophecy, and by implication the fulfillment of ALL Messianic prophecies, is an issue of the Lord’s faithfulness, honesty and sovereignty.   For someone to say that His prophecies will not be perfectly fulfilled is equivalent to saying that, either, the Lord is unreliable, He lied, or else He cannot control the events that take place on the earth.

THE FULFILLMENT:

Matt 1:1
The Bible clearly declares that Jesus is the descendent of King David in Matt 1:1 “…Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Matt 1:6 & Luke 3:32
In both the physical (Matt) and legal (Luke) genealogies of the Lord we find David is mentioned…
6) And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her [that had been the wife] of Urias;
31) Which was [the son] of Melea, which was [the son] of Menan, which was [the son] of Mattatha, which was [the son] of Nathan, which was [the son] of David,

Luke 1:30-32
In the angel’s message to Mary, it is mentioned that Jesus would receive the throne of David as a part of His exalted position of authority.  And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: Also, please notice that David is described as “his father”, referring to Jesus being a physical and legal descendant of King David.

Rev 22:16
Jesus, Himself testified that He is the descendant of David in Rev 22:16… “Jesus I am the root and the offspring of David…”  Not only is this an issue of the truthfulness and reliability of God the Father, but now we see the truthfulness of God the Son as well.

Matt 22:41-46
Christ’s place in the line of David became an issue with some of the religious leaders of Christ’s day.  Keep in mind that, in those days, individuals would give great respect and honor to their ancestors. Normally, their ancestor was considered their “lord” (master, holder of authority).

The Pharisees could not understand why David, the ancestor of Jesus would address Jesus as His “Lord” in Psa 110:1…
The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?”   In their mind, this was proof that Jesus could not be the promised Messiah… “If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?

What the Pharisees did not understand was that Jesus was not simply a human, but He was God as well.  Because He was God, He deserved the title of “Lord” given to Him by David.  Jesus was the “King of Kings and Lord of Lords” deserving honor, respect and submission from all mankind, even those who were His physical ancestors.

PRACTICAL APPLICATION:

Jesus, being a physical descendant of David, is once again shown to fully fulfill another Messianic requirement given to us in the Old Testament.  Beyond this, we see that Jesus eternally possesses the throne of David as King of Kings and Lord of Lords. This is being fulfilled as He reigns over Spiritual Israel now, and throughout eternity. As we gain an understanding of these truths, Jesus’ identity as the true Messiah becomes more clearly displayed.

May the Lord bless our study of His Word.

If you have any questions about salvation you are welcome to email me at settledinheaven@gmail.com.  I’ll be more than happy to answer any question you may have.

Also, if you look at my blog page “How To Have A Relationship With God”.  On this page, you will find several blog entries explaining the way of salvation and important truths about salvation.


6 Comments

  1. Thank you for taking the time to explain the prophecies concerning the Messiah and how they are fulfilled in Christ. Jesus is the Way, the Truth, and the Life – and this is not debatable! It’s pure truth!
    Blessings ~ Wendy

  2. Debbie says:

    I love how this study just makes His reign clearer and clearer! God bless you, Pastor Rob!

  3. How can anyone doubt? It is irrefutable.
    Praise God for the understanding given to us by Holy Spirit, for we know that unregenerate man CANNOT understand. May our lives be such that all unsaved with whom we come in contact will see a difference that makes them ‘want what we have’ and they will be moved to examine the Word with open hearts and minds.

    We serve an amazing God who desires to reach others through us.

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