1. In the Old Testament, the word “death” is commonly translated from the Hebrew word “maweth”.
2. In the New Testament, the word “death” is commonly translated by the Greek word “thanatos”.
Both the Hebrew and Greek word holds the same meaning: the condition of the body without a soul, or the act of taking a life.
The Bible contextually describes three different types of death that we can experience. All of these types of death have one thing in common. They are describing some type of separation that takes place….
1. physical death – when the body is separated from the immortal part of man. This is a POSITIONAL separation. One example of this type of usage is found in Philippians 1:20-21…
“According to my earnest expectation and [my] hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but [that] with all boldness, as always, [so] now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether [it be] by life, or by death. For to me to live [is] Christ, and to die [is] gain.”
2. spiritual death – when the individual is separated from a God because of their sinful condition. This is a RELATIONAL separation. One example of this type of death is found in Ephesians 2:1-3…
“And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins; Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.”
3. eternal death – when an individual is separated from God for an eternity in the Lake of Fire. This is both a RELATIONAL and POSITIONAL separation. This type of death is described in Rev 20:11-15…
“And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is [the book] of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.” (Revelation 20:11-15)
This great victory over death was won by Christ on behalf of His people and can be applied to us through repentance and faith in Him…….
“O death, where [is] thy sting? O grave, where [is] thy victory? The sting of death [is] sin; and the strength of sin [is] the law. But thanks [be] to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.”
(1 Corinthians 15:55-58)