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Home » SIH Lesson Scripture Texts » First Samuel » Frst Samuel 30: » But David Encouraged Himself in the LORD his God. (Part #1)

But David Encouraged Himself in the LORD his God. (Part #1)

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SIH STSTA ICONHave you ever felt as if the whole world was against you?

Did it ever seem as if, no matter how hard you try, everything you touch goes sour?

Did you ever feel responsible for bringing misery and harm to those whom you love?

Do you ever feel as if you are a complete and utter failure in your service to your Lord?

Then to make matters worse…

Did you ever feel as if NO ONE understood, nor cared about what you were going through?

In our lesson for this morning, we will be studying the events that had taken place in the life of King David that caused him to experience these feelings to their fullest possible degree.  Especially, we will be looking at how David handled these feelings and how he found spiritual peace and refuge in the presence of his Lord…

THE SCRIPTURES:

And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire;  And had taken the women captives, that [were] therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried [them] away, and went on their way.  So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, [it was] burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives.  Then David and the people that [were] with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.  And David’s two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.  And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God.   (1 Samuel 30:1-6)

To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me [when I was] in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.   O ye sons of men, how long [will ye turn] my glory into shame? [how long] will ye love vanity, [and] seek after leasing? Selah.  But know that the LORD hath set apart him that is godly for himself: the LORD will hear when I call unto him.  Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.  Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.  [There be] many that say, Who will shew us [any] good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.  Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time [that] their corn and their wine increased.  I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, LORD, only makest me dwell in safety.”   (Psalms 4:1-8)

THE STUDY:

The Background:

1.  1 Samuel 27:1-7 –  David, who was fleeing from King Saul, had fled to the Philistines, the sworn enemies of Jehovah, to find refuge and safety.  He and his followers dwell in the city of Ziklag, which was in the borders of Philistia.

2.  1 Samuel 27:8-12 – David led his men to begin to conquer the surrounding Gentile cities (including cities in the kingdom of the Amalekites).   Deceptively he told King Achish that he, and his men, were going to war against the nation of Israel.

3.  1 Samuel 28:1-2 – Based upon King Achish’s belief in the lies of David, Achish assumes the Israelites are now the mortal enemies of David.  He then makes David his confidant and begins to trust David to accompany him into war against the Jews.

4.  1 Samuel 29:1-11 – As the Philistine army assembles to war against Israel, Achish’s captains refuse to go to war with David and his men, fearing David will turn against them. Because of this, David returns to Ziklag.

We now pick up with our text, as David and his men travel back to their families who were staying at Ziklag, their place of refuge in the land of the Philistines….

The Event:

(1 Samuel 30:1-6)

1) And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire;

The Amalekites, the enemies of both Israel and the Philistines, had heard that the Philistine army had gone to war against Israel.  The Amalekites took advantage of the situation, and entered into the land of Philistia in an effort to overthrow the city of Ziklag.  They had probably chosen to do this in an attempt to revenge the invasions into their land that had been made by David and his men.

2) And had taken the women captives, that [were] therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried [them] away, and went on their way.

3) So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, [it was] burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives.

As David and his men returned to Ziklag, they saw the great destruction that had been caused by the Amalekites and realized that their wives and children had been taken captive.

4) Then David and the people that [were] with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.

David and his men wept over the catastrophic loss of their wives and children.  Their mourning and grief was so great, they are said to have wept until their entire being was totally exhausted (physically, mentally, and emotionally).

5) And David’s two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.

King’s David’s loss was not limited to those over whom he ruled.  He was also touched personally with the loss of his two wives.

 

The Response Of The People:

6a) And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters:

Here we are told that David was “greatly distressed”.  The phrase “greatly distressed” is translated from a Hebrew phrase that means to feel tremendous, overwhelming, unbearable pressure on all sides.  What was the source of all this pressure? …

We can all imagine the engulfing pressure that he felt…

1.  the nation of Israel, being led by King Saul, was against him;

2.  the other Gentile kingdoms he had invaded now knew of his hiding place in Ziklag, and would surely be out for revenge;

3. when King Achish would hear that David’s deceptive invasions caused the Amalekites overthrow of Ziklag, Achish would, most certainly, turn against Him;

4. He had lost both of his wives, and to his knowledge were probably had been tortured, raped, and enslaved or, possibly, dead;

5. David’s own men, rightfully, blamed him for their great loss and they wanted him to be killed;

6. Worst of all, he knew that he had sinned against his Lord several times, leading him down this path to loneliness, sorrow and heartache…

a.     he had failed to trust the Lord with his safety, but had sought refuge from the enemies of God;

b.     He chose to compromise his integrity by lying.  He had chosen to remain on good terms with the Philistine King, by deceitfully concealing his invasions into the surrounding Gentile nations;

c.     Finally, he agreed to lead his men from Ziklag to accompany the armies of Achish, thus leaving those in his care without any military protection.

(He knew that he was derelict in his God-given responsibilities and was now experiencing the chastening hand of the Lord.)

The Response Of David:

 6b) but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God.   (1 Samuel 30:1-6)

What was David’s solution to this entire situation?  He found encouragement in his Lord.

In other words, David reflected on the person and work of God that gave him hope for deliverance and strength.  In the same way, when we are faced with these situations in life, we too, can find solace in truths about our Lord.

In part two of our study, as we study Psalm 4:, we will learn how David found this wonderful encouragement in the midst of such horrible trials…

THE PRACTICAL APPLICATION:

No matter what may have taken place in our lives, no matter how impossible a situation may seem, when we think upon the person and work of our Lord, we can find grace, comfort and peace in the midst of our storms.

May the Lord bless you as you seek His truth.

 

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May the Lord bless your study of His Word.  Like God’s Word… may your soul’s salvation and your life’s faithfulness be “Settled in Heaven.”


10 Comments

  1. Richard M Nixon (Deceased) says:

    Reblogged this on Dead Citizen's Rights Society.

  2. Terry says:

    I bet you are getting tired of me always thanking you, but I can’t read your post without a kind word. You always have a way of explaining so that I understand

  3. SLIMJIM says:

    I’m going to have to watch this on Monday (after Sunday)

  4. SLIMJIM says:

    Thank you for situating the text with the background for the lesson. Good observation on David’s sin and lack of trust in God and yet how he eventually remembered to turn back to the Lord. Looking forward to part two.

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