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Revelation 21:1-11 “New Jerusalem On The New Earth”

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THE TEXT:

 

Revelation 21:1-11

(1)  And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.
(2)  And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
(3)  And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.
(4)  And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
(5)  And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.
(6)  And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.
(7)  He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.
(8)  But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
(9)  And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife.
(10)  And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,
(11)  Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

 

THE INTRODUCTION:

In Revelation 20: John’s attention was placed upon the first phase of the Christian’s eternity with Christ on the New Earth… the period of one thousand years, which has been set aside by the Lord for the judgment and reward of His people.  This was then followed by the event that closes the 1000 year time period, the judgment of Satan and his kingdom (including lost mankind) for their sins and their consignment to the Lake of Fire.

Now, in Revelation 21:-22:, John begins to share with us a wonderful description of new Jerusalem, the eternal dwelling place of the people of God….

  1. Rev 21:1-11 – New Jerusalem on the New Heavens and Earth
  2. Rev 21:12-21 – The Walls and Gates of New Jerusalem
  3. Rev 21:22-22:5 – New Jerusalem, the Glory of Eden restored
  4. Rev 22:6-20 – The Conclusion to the Book of Revelation

THE EXPOSITORY STUDY:

Revelation 21:1-11

 

 (1)  And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

John now turns our attention towards the New Heavens and New Earth.

There are two Greek words that is translated “new” in the Bible:

  1. kainos – to be “new” in the sense of nature – different or changed from what previously existed, to supercede the first
  2. neos – to be “new” in the sense of time – existing only short period of time, recent or young

 

The word translated “new” in the terms “New Heavens” and  “New Earth” is the word kainos.  The term new is simply saying that these heavens and earth are changed from the fallen heavens and earth.  They are different, they are the replacement for the fallen heavens and earth.  It in no way implies a new creation of God, neos would have been used to imply this.  They are simply a renovated version of the Old.

John also emphasizes a very obvious change between the old and the new… no sea existed on the new heavens and earth.  Keep in mind the “sea” is symbolic of unrest and wicked mankind (Isaiah 57:20-21, Rev 20:13).  Also, it was the source of the religious kingdoms of Satan (Rev 13:1).   John is not, necessarily, saying that there will be no bodies of water on the New Heavens and Earth, he is saying that no longer will there be unrest, confusion, wickedness, nor any result of sin on this renovated earth. (Rev 21:4-8).

Compared to the previous heavens and earth, the New (“kainos’) Heavens and Earth will be a radically changed. See Isaiah 65:-66: for another look at this radically changed New Earth.

 

Remember, this New Heavens and New Earth had been renovated from the old heavens and earth at the second coming of Christ…

2 Peter 3:10-13 –

“But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.    Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness,   Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?   Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.”

In verses 10 & 12, we can see that at the second coming of Christ (“the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night” and “The coming of the day of God”) the heavens and earth will go away (“pass away”)  and be dissolved (“melt” and “dissolved”).

In verse 13 we are told that, although we are told the old heavens and old earth will go away, according to His promises to us, we look for a renovated, changed, replacement (“new”)  heavens and earth.

In other words, the actual renovation of the heavens and earth into the New Heavens and new Earth took place as the wrath of God was falling upon mankind (see Rev 19:).   The same Lord that came with His saints, sending wrath against the lost, and renovating the earth, is the same Lord that sat judging lost mankind for their sins (Revelation 20:11).

 

Beginning in Revelation 21:, John now gives us a detailed description of this New Heavens and Earth, that came into existence previously (at His second coming in Rev 19:).

(2)  And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 

 

John now sees the dwelling place of God descend from heaven to the New Earth.  This heavenly city will become the dwelling place of Christ and His saints on the renovated earth.

This is the ‘better country” and the “heavenly city” spoken of in Hebs 11:13-16…  “These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.  For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country.  And truly, if they had been mindful of that country from whence they came out, they might have had opportunity to have returned.  But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.”

 

This is the ‘Heavenly Jerusalem” spoken of in Hebrews 12:22-24…“But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,  To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,  And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.”

 

This is the continuing city spoken of in Hebrews 13:14…“For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come.”

 

And the place prepared for us by Christ in John 14:1-3 … “Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me.  In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.  And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.”

 

John describes this city as being “prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.”    In other words, she is prepared and made very beautiful for her husband, Christ (Rev 21:9). They will be joined together and share each other’s presence throughout eternity.  The city is prepared for Christ and His people with the beauty of Christ’s righteousness (Isa 61:10-11).

 

The relationship between the bride and groom is the most intimate of all earthly relationships… this is a wonderful picture of the Lord’s intimate relationship with His people…

(3)  And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

 

John then hears a voice speaking to him saying… 

  1. “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men” – New Jerusalem, the dwelling and worship place of God will be accessible to His people.  He will live in NJ and will be worshipped in NJ.
  1. “he will dwell with them” – The God will permanently inhabit this place with His people
  1. “they shall be his people” – God has purchased His people with His blood. He owns them, they joyfully follow Him, worship Him, and obey Him.
  1. “God himself shall be with them, and be their God.” – God will personally be with His people and be worshipped by them.

 Please note: Ezekiel 40:-on – The temple (dwelling and worship place of God) is a picture of our glorious eternity with God.

 

(4)  And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.

In the New Jerusalem, on the New Earth, there will be no effects of sin’s curse:

  1. “And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes” – No more crying due to pain, sorrow, frustrations or loss. All exist because of sin.
  1. “and there shall be no more death” – There will be no physical or spiritual death. God’s people will eternally possess glorified bodies in the presence of Christ.
  1. “neither sorrow, nor crying” – No more mourning due to loss, or outward displays of grief
  1. “neither shall there be any more pain” – No more physical, mental, emotional pain will be felt.

“for the former things are passed away.”  – None of these will exist because the previous effects of sin and the curse upon mankind has been sent away and replaced with a sinless existence in the presence of God Himself.

 

 (5)  And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.

Following the description of some of the great changes that will take place in New Jerusalem on the New Earth, God, in the person of Christ, speaks from His throne.  He reminds John how these changes have taken place.  It is through His renovation of the old earth. “I make all things new” ie “I change all of these things”.

Then He reemphasizes the truthfulness of this  great change that will take place by telling John to be sure to write these things down to share them with others.   God emphasizes that these things are “true” (actual to fact) and “faithful” (trustworthy, can be relied upon). 

 

(6)  And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

The Lord continues to speak to John:

  1. “It is done” – These things are certain to take place in the future. They have been made a part of God’s sovereign plans for his people. They are as good as done.  (Dan 4:35, Job 25:13, Psa 33:9-11, 115:3)
  1. “I am the Alpha and Omega” – This is the title given to Jesus (Rev 1:8, 22:13).   The beginning and the ending letters of the Greek alphabet, in other words….
  1. “I am … the beginning and the end” – The One who existed in eternity past, beginning cause and Creator of all. the One who will bring all these to a close and exist throughout eternity future.
  1. “I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.” – Christ is offering salvation and spiritual life as a free gift to sinners. (Isa 55:1-4, John 4:10-14, 7:37-38)    The fountain of the water of life is a symbolic representation of the source of spiritual, eternal life.  In comparison, drinking of the wine of fornication results in the receipt of God’s wrath upon mankind (Rev 17:2)

 

(7)  He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.

Those who are victors in Christ, through the indwelling spirit: (John 16:33, 1 John 2:13-14, 4:4, 5:4-5)

  1. shall be heirs with Christ of all these shared future blessings. – (Roms 8:17,32, Prov 3:35)
  2. will have Christ as their God. – We will worship and serve Him (1 Cor 3:21-23)
  3. will be an adopted member of God’s family – We will have a close, personal relationship based upon love and appreciation. (Roms 8:14-18)

Remember, being victors over sin, death, and this world is a mark of a true believer.  If we are true believers then we will also be heirs with Christ as our God and ourselves as His son (or daughter).

 

(8)  But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

Just as being victorious over sin, death, the powers of darkness and the fallen world is a mark of a true believer, John is now given a list of marks of those who are unbelievers and will partake of the second death… banished from Christ’s presence throughout eternity in the Lake of Fire.

A lost person lives a lifestyle practicing these sins, without regret nor desire to change (1 John 3:9-10) :

  1. fearful – timid, no confidence, full of dread
  2. unbelieving – faithless,
  3. abominable – to be disgusting, abhorred by God
  4. murderers – to take life intentionally, unlawfully
  5. whoremongers – sexually or morally unrestrained
  6. sorcerers – to make drugs, poisons
  7. idolaters – serve & worship images, serve and worship false gods
  8. liars – untruthful, deceptive, concealing

 

Proverbs 6:16-19 gives us another listing of marks of the lost which encompass all other Biblical references on this subject…

PRIDE DECEPTION MURDER WICKED THOUGHTS EVIL MISCHIEF FALSE WITNESSES DISCORD
Proverbs 6:16-19 Proud Look Lying Tongue Hands shed innocent blood Heart deviseth wicked imaginations Feet that be swift in running to mischief False witness that speaketh lies Soweth discord among brethren
1 Corinthians  6:9-10 Idolaters, Covetous, Fornicators,Adulterers,Effeminate,Abusers of Self With Mankind,Drunkards, Thieves, Revilers,Extortioners
Galatians 5:19-21 Murderers, LasciviousnessIdolaters,Hatred,Emulations,Wrath,Envyings,

 

Adulterers,Fornication,Uncleaness,Witchcraft,Drunkeness, Heresies, Variance,Strife,Seditions,Revelings.
Ephesians 5:5 Covetous, Idolaters Whoremonger,Unclean Persons,
Revelation 21:8 Unbelieving Liars, Murders Fearful,Idolaters, Abominable, Whoremongers,Sorcerers,

 

Proverbs 6:16-19 – “These six things doth the LORD hate: yea, seven are an abomination unto him:  A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood,  An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief,  A false witness that speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren.”

 

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 – “Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,  Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.”

 

Galatians 5:19-21 – “Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,  Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,  Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.”

 

Ephesians 5:5 – “For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.”

 

Revelation 21:8 – “But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.”

 

(9)  And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife.

One of the angels which delivered the seven vials of wrath (Rev 16:), now offers to show to John the details of the city of New Jerusalem, referred here as the Bride of the Lamb.

Why would one of these angels be given the responsibility and privilege to deliver this vision to John?  Perhaps it is because it was through their work (the purifying of the world during the last portions of God’s wrath) that this New Jerusalem on this sinless world was brought into existence.

This refers back to verse 2 where we are told that the city is adorned like a bride for her wedding.

  

(10)  And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, John then is taken away “in the spirit” in other words, he was physically unmoved while being overwhelmed by the Holy Spirit and given the ability to see this great vision “in his mind’s eye”.  John sees himself taking a place on a great, high mountain.

Keep in mind, many times God revealed Himself, and His truths to man (Exo 19:20, Neh 9:13).   Also, based on Isa 2:2 and Ezek 40:1-2, it is possible that this city will be literally located upon a mountain.

 

And shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,   (11)  Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

New Jerusalem, heaven come down to earth, is now described as:

  1. that great city – big, large, exceeding
  2. holy Jerusalem – sacred, blameless, separated for God’s use… Jerusalem means “founded in peace” or “city of peace”
  3. descending out of heaven (the third heaven) from God. – God’s dwelling place come down to earth.
  4. having the glory of God – the very presence of God dwells there, just like the OT tabernacle and temple (Ex 40:34, 2 Chr 5:13-14, 1 King 8:11)
  5. her light was like a jasper stone, clear as crystal – His glory shown within the city like light reflecting from a precious clear gemstone.  Jasper is symbolic of holiness (Ex 28:20, 39:13).  Also Jasper is a stone of great value (Job 28:17), its clarity represents sinlessness.

The Lord is symbolized by the Jasper stone… He is holy, of overwhelming value, and sinless and transparent. 

 

CHRIST REVEALED:

As we see the great symbolic beauty of the bride of Christ, the heavenly city of New Jerusalem, we are reminded of Christ’s prominence and grace that he has shown to His people.

Stop and think about it… the reason why New Jerusalem is such a beautiful city is because it was prepared by Christ Himself.  This city is a direct reflection of the beauty, greatness and wisdom of its Creator, Jesus Christ.

John 14:2-3 – “In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.  And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.”

 

THE PRACTICAL APPLICATION (SUMMARY)

As we consider the wonders of the eternity that awaits us, may we all with grateful hearts honor and glorify our Lord.  He is the One that saved us, He is the One that has given us a share of His inheritance, He is the One that created this wonderful abode for us.

Oh what worship and dedication we owe Him.  He truly is our all… throughout eternity.

 

Homepage:               http://www.settledinheaven.org

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Video Blog:               http://www.youtube.com/settledinheaven

Email Contact:           settledinheaven@gmail.com

 

 


7 Comments

  1. Shofar says:

    I am looking for that city, Pastor Rob! God bless you for this post!
    -Liz

  2. SLIMJIM says:

    Thanks for this

Comments are closed.

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