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Isaiah’s Vision Of The New Heavens and New Earth (Part 2)

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SIH STSTA ICON“But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

[Seeing] then [that] all these things shall be dissolved, what manner [of persons] ought ye to be in [all] holy conversation and godliness,  Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?

Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.”  (2 Peter 3:10-13)



Isaiah 65:17-25 is one of the most encouraging prophecies given to God’s people.  It is a prophecy of the eternal state of God’s people as they enjoy the eternal blessings that are promised to them by God Himself.

For us to come to a fuller and more accurate understanding of this prophecy, we need to understand its relationship to the first five verses of a vision that John received in the book of Revelation that is found in chapter 21.


Please notice the table that follows.  In this table, we can see that the prophecy found in Isaiah 65: and the beginning of the vision received by John in Revelation are clearly parallel prophecies.  They both speak of the same time period (eternity), the same location (the New Heavens and New Earth) and the same blessings that will be received by the people of God…


The Basic Contents Of Both Passages:


Main Themes:   Daniel 65: Revelation 21:  
The Setting: New Heavens/New Earth 17a 1a
The Condition: All Things Are “New” 17b 5
The Location: The New Jerusalem 18 2
No Weeping, Crying 19 4a
Longevity Of Life 20 4b
No Mistreatment, Loss 21-23,25 4c,d,e
God Will Be Present 24 3


Let’s take a few moments of time to come to a better understanding of the wonderful blessings that await God’s people as we enter into eternity with our Lord.




(Isaiah 65:17-25)

17) For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.

18) But be ye glad and rejoice for ever [in that] which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy.

19) And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people: and the voice of weeping shall be no more heard in her, nor the voice of crying.

20) There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner [being] an hundred years old shall be accursed.

21) And they shall build houses, and inhabit [them]; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them.

22) They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree [are] the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.

23) They shall not labour in vain, nor bring forth for trouble; for they [are] the seed of the blessed of the LORD, and their offspring with them.

24) And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear.

25) The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust [shall be] the serpent’s meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the LORD.


(Revelation 21:1-5)

1) And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

2) And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

3) And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God [is] with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, [and be] their God.

4) And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.

5) And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.




Isaiah 65:17-25…

20) There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner [being] an hundred years old shall be accursed. 

NO death, only eternal existence are in view in this entire text…


There shall be no more thence an infant of days,

There will be no babies or infants exiting throughout eternity.

(Please note prophecies like Isaiah 11:6-9 do not teach the literal existence of children throughout eternity.  They are prophecies which uses small, harmless children to symbolically represent the harmless, peaceful, sinless characteristics of the eternal condition of the saints…

  1. it will be like a world that would have leaders that have no guile, hatred or selfish desires… “a little child shall lead them.”
  2. and would be filled with no harm, sorrow or pain … “the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice’ den”.)


nor an old man that hath not filled his days:

Nor will there be physically aged men that have not reached the time of their death.

Why is it that there will be no infants, nor aged adults throughout eternity?  The remaining portion of verse 20 answers that question for us.

  1. It addresses why infants will not exist in eternity in the phrase “for the child shall die an hundred years old”
  2. It addresses why old men will not exist in eternity in the phrase “but the sinner [being] an hundred years old shall be accursed.


First a look at why infants will not exist in eternity…

for the child shall die an hundred years old;

The translated used the word “for” to mean “because”.  An example of this usage of “for” is… Billy was arrested for stealing.  In other words, Billy was arrested because he was guilty of stealing.

Why does no infant exist in eternity?  “Because” the child shall die an hundred years old.  In other words, if infants exist in eternity they would eventually die of old age.  If there are infants then there is aging, if there is aging, then eventually there must be physical death.

There are at least two lines of reasoning behind this principle:

  1. Think of it this way, if there are infants (but no aging in eternity) then you would have aborted fetuses, small very young babies, and immature infants existing for an eternity, never becoming mature… how could this be?
  1. Or look at the other option we have before us. If there would be aging in eternity, then infants would age without death taking place.   You would have infants maturing into adults and those adults then continuing to physically age for an eternity…. Once again, how could this be?   

 So, the existence of infants in eternity with no aging, or the existence of infants in eternity with aging but no death without the existence of death, causes great practical and theological problems.  The only answer to these problems would be physical death existing in eternity.

However, we know there is no death in eternity.   We know this for at least two main reasons:

  1. Based upon our texts, there are no tears, sorrow, or loss (including death) felt in eternity (Rev 20:1-5, Isaiah 25:8).
  2. Also, death cannot enter into eternity is because death is the result of sin (and the possession of a fallen nature). Anyone possessing a fallen, sinful body cannot enter into eternity with God.  It is only when sin’s effects on our body (glorification of our bodies) are undone, that we can enter our eternal state (1 Corinthians 15:50-58).

This is the reasoning that explains the Lord’s statement found here (“There shall be no more thence an infant of days,…for the child shall die an hundred years old;….”

Another way to phrase this part of Scripture would be….“(Throughout eternity) No infants will any longer exist…. because if infants would exist, then they would die after they aged 100 years”


Before we leave our look at this phrase, let’s also remind ourselves of sin’s effect on all mankind.  When we are told that… “the child shall die an hundred years old” it is due to the sinful nature of fallen mankind.  We know that glorified bodies will not be united in marriage nor give birth in eternity (Matt 22:30, Luke 20:34-36).  Therefore, the only type of infant that is ever born (after man’s fall in the garden of Eden) are born as fallen, sinful creatures.

Because of this sinful condition that is possessed by all infants, it is very true that infants (due to their natural, sinful nature) will die an hundred years old.   What horrible sentence that is placed upon every child born into this sinful world.  Apart from Christ’s intervention at His second coming, every man, woman and child must face impending spiritual and physical death.  A constant reminder to us all of the horrific consequences we all face due to our fallen nature and acts of rebellion against the Lord. (Romans 6:23).


Now we will see why aged adults will not exist in heaven…

but the sinner [being] an hundred years old shall be accursed. 

An old man will not exist in eternity because the aging of human beings is a process that takes place when an individual’s body is gradually “wearing out” as he grows closer to physical death (Romans 8:19-23, Ecclesiastes 12:).  Physical death, and the entire aging process, only takes place because of the existence of sin.

All these effects of sin, including physical death of the body, will be done away with through the glorification of our bodies based upon the work of Jesus. (Hebrews 2:14-15, Revelation 22:3, 1 Corinthians 15:35-50)   If we see a fallen sinful man, whose body shows the marks of physically aging for 100 years, is proof that he is yet in his fallen, sinful body and under the physical curse of sin (ie physical death), and therefore, he cannot be in residing in eternity…


Heb 2:14-15 KJV

(14)  Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

(15)  And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.


Isa 25:8 KJV – He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it.


Luk 20:34-36 KJV – And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage:  But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage:  Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.



In Revelation 21: is it described in this way…

4b) and there shall be no more death,

For God’s people throughout eternity, there will be no more physical or eternal death, only eternal glory.

(We are clearly told of the elimination of death will take place following the glorification of the saint’s body flowing into eternity in texts such as 1 Cor 15:21-26, Hosea 13:14, Hebrews 2:14-15)


We will complete our study by looking at vs 21-25 in our next lesson.


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May the Lord bless your study of His Word.  Like God’s Word… may your soul’s salvation and your life’s faithfulness be “Settled in Heaven.”


  1. SLIMJIM says:

    Thank you for this study!

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