Genesis Chapter 14:
(1) And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;
(2) That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.
(3) All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.
(4) Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
(5) And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,
(6) And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by the wilderness.
(7) And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar.
(8) And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim;
(9) With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.
(10) And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.
(11) And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.
(12) And they took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.
(13) And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.
(14) And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan.
(15) And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.
(16) And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.
(17) And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king’s dale.
(18) And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
(19) And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
(20) And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
(21) And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.
(22) And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,
(23) That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:
(24) Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.
Thought For This Chapter…
Melchizedek, King of Salem, is a very interesting character that is mentioned only a few times in the Bible. According to some, Melchizedek was simply a human priest sent by God to bless, comfort and reassure Abraham. To others, Melchizedek was a pre-incarnate appearance of Jesus Christ who was visiting Abraham in a great time of need. Although none of us can know for sure, I have a tendency to look at Melchizedek as Christ Himself.
One thing we can know for certain… we can learn much about Christ by looking at this priest and king. The following is a short list of what we can learn about Christ from this text only, as we study Melchizedek…
- “Melchizek” means “king of Righteousness” in Hebrew. – Christ is the righteous king that rules over all who are righteous.
- Melchizedek carries the title “King of Peace (Salem)” – Christ is the One who creates and sustains peace between God and Man
- Melchizedek nourished a weary and faint Abraham with bread and wine. Christ is the One that spiritually nourishes His people.
- Melchizedek was a priest of God. Christ holds the office of Priest of God.
- Mechizedek recognizes and proclaims God’s work as “Possessor of heaven and earth” and “Deliverer”. These were two of the main messages of Christ as He ministered following His incarnation.
Also this helps us to understand that Christ holds the office of Prophet as well as King and Priest.
- Melchizedek received the tithes belonging to God. Christ, as the Priest of God and God Himself, is God’s representative on earth. As such, He is the One that is to receive our worship, honor and obedience (which is all embodied in the tithe).
What a wonderful blessing Melchizedek is for all of us! In the Old Testament account of Melchizedek, we can see several truths about the Christ who would not come to earth until New Testament times!!!
Actually, this is just like all the Old Testament scriptures. As we read through the OT let’s keep in mind that they all teach us about Christ. As we read let’s be on the lookout for all the many truths about Christ whether by symbol, appearance, statement or implication.
(39) Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.